Класс BaseCreateView (Django 2.1)

from django.views.generic.edit import BaseCreateView

Base view for creating a new object instance. Using this base class requires subclassing to provide a response mixin.

Потомки

Attributes

  Defined in
context_object_name = None SingleObjectMixin
extra_context = None ContextMixin
fields = None ModelFormMixin
form_class = None FormMixin
http_method_names = ['get', 'post', 'put', 'patch', 'delete', 'head', 'options', 'trace'] View
initial = {} FormMixin
model = None SingleObjectMixin
pk_url_kwarg = 'pk' SingleObjectMixin
prefix = None FormMixin
queryset = None SingleObjectMixin
query_pk_and_slug = False SingleObjectMixin
slug_field = 'slug' SingleObjectMixin
slug_url_kwarg = 'slug' SingleObjectMixin
success_url = None FormMixin

Methods

Основная точка входа процесса "запрос-ответ".

@classonlymethod
def as_view(cls, **initkwargs):
    """Main entry point for a request-response process."""
    for key in initkwargs:
        if key in cls.http_method_names:
            raise TypeError("You tried to pass in the %s method name as a "
                            "keyword argument to %s(). Don't do that."
                            % (key, cls.__name__))
        if not hasattr(cls, key):
            raise TypeError("%s() received an invalid keyword %r. as_view "
                            "only accepts arguments that are already "
                            "attributes of the class." % (cls.__name__, key))
    def view(request, *args, **kwargs):
        self = cls(**initkwargs)
        if hasattr(self, 'get') and not hasattr(self, 'head'):
            self.head = self.get
        self.request = request
        self.args = args
        self.kwargs = kwargs
        return self.dispatch(request, *args, **kwargs)
    view.view_class = cls
    view.view_initkwargs = initkwargs
    # take name and docstring from class
    update_wrapper(view, cls, updated=())
    # and possible attributes set by decorators
    # like csrf_exempt from dispatch
    update_wrapper(view, cls.dispatch, assigned=())
    return view
def dispatch(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    # Try to dispatch to the right method; if a method doesn't exist,
    # defer to the error handler. Also defer to the error handler if the
    # request method isn't on the approved list.
    if request.method.lower() in self.http_method_names:
        handler = getattr(self, request.method.lower(), self.http_method_not_allowed)
    else:
        handler = self.http_method_not_allowed
    return handler(request, *args, **kwargs)

If the form is invalid, render the invalid form.

def form_invalid(self, form):
    """If the form is invalid, render the invalid form."""
    return self.render_to_response(self.get_context_data(form=form))
ModelFormMixin

If the form is valid, save the associated model.

def form_valid(self, form):
    """If the form is valid, save the associated model."""
    self.object = form.save()
    return super().form_valid(form)
FormMixin

If the form is valid, redirect to the supplied URL.

def form_valid(self, form):
    """If the form is valid, redirect to the supplied URL."""
    return HttpResponseRedirect(self.get_success_url())
BaseCreateView

Handle GET requests: instantiate a blank version of the form.

def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    self.object = None
    return super().get(request, *args, **kwargs)
ProcessFormView

Handle GET requests: instantiate a blank version of the form.

def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Handle GET requests: instantiate a blank version of the form."""
    return self.render_to_response(self.get_context_data())
FormMixin

Insert the form into the context dict.

def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    """Insert the form into the context dict."""
    if 'form' not in kwargs:
        kwargs['form'] = self.get_form()
    return super().get_context_data(**kwargs)
SingleObjectMixin

Insert the single object into the context dict.

def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    """Insert the single object into the context dict."""
    context = {}
    if self.object:
        context['object'] = self.object
        context_object_name = self.get_context_object_name(self.object)
        if context_object_name:
            context[context_object_name] = self.object
    context.update(kwargs)
    return super().get_context_data(**context)
ContextMixin
def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    kwargs.setdefault('view', self)
    if self.extra_context is not None:
        kwargs.update(self.extra_context)
    return kwargs

Get the name to use for the object.

def get_context_object_name(self, obj):
    """Get the name to use for the object."""
    if self.context_object_name:
        return self.context_object_name
    elif isinstance(obj, models.Model):
        return obj._meta.model_name
    else:
        return None

Return an instance of the form to be used in this view.

def get_form(self, form_class=None):
    """Return an instance of the form to be used in this view."""
    if form_class is None:
        form_class = self.get_form_class()
    return form_class(**self.get_form_kwargs())
ModelFormMixin

Return the form class to use in this view.

def get_form_class(self):
    """Return the form class to use in this view."""
    if self.fields is not None and self.form_class:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured(
            "Specifying both 'fields' and 'form_class' is not permitted."
        )
    if self.form_class:
        return self.form_class
    else:
        if self.model is not None:
            # If a model has been explicitly provided, use it
            model = self.model
        elif getattr(self, 'object', None) is not None:
            # If this view is operating on a single object, use
            # the class of that object
            model = self.object.__class__
        else:
            # Try to get a queryset and extract the model class
            # from that
            model = self.get_queryset().model
        if self.fields is None:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "Using ModelFormMixin (base class of %s) without "
                "the 'fields' attribute is prohibited." % self.__class__.__name__
            )
        return model_forms.modelform_factory(model, fields=self.fields)
FormMixin

Return the form class to use.

def get_form_class(self):
    """Return the form class to use."""
    return self.form_class
ModelFormMixin

Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form.

def get_form_kwargs(self):
    """Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form."""
    kwargs = super().get_form_kwargs()
    if hasattr(self, 'object'):
        kwargs.update({'instance': self.object})
    return kwargs
FormMixin

Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form.

def get_form_kwargs(self):
    """Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form."""
    kwargs = {
        'initial': self.get_initial(),
        'prefix': self.get_prefix(),
    }
    if self.request.method in ('POST', 'PUT'):
        kwargs.update({
            'data': self.request.POST,
            'files': self.request.FILES,
        })
    return kwargs

Return the initial data to use for forms on this view.

def get_initial(self):
    """Return the initial data to use for forms on this view."""
    return self.initial.copy()

Return the object the view is displaying. Require `self.queryset` and a `pk` or `slug` argument in the URLconf. Subclasses can override this to return any object.

def get_object(self, queryset=None):
    """
    Return the object the view is displaying.
    Require `self.queryset` and a `pk` or `slug` argument in the URLconf.
    Subclasses can override this to return any object.
    """
    # Use a custom queryset if provided; this is required for subclasses
    # like DateDetailView
    if queryset is None:
        queryset = self.get_queryset()
    # Next, try looking up by primary key.
    pk = self.kwargs.get(self.pk_url_kwarg)
    slug = self.kwargs.get(self.slug_url_kwarg)
    if pk is not None:
        queryset = queryset.filter(pk=pk)
    # Next, try looking up by slug.
    if slug is not None and (pk is None or self.query_pk_and_slug):
        slug_field = self.get_slug_field()
        queryset = queryset.filter(**{slug_field: slug})
    # If none of those are defined, it's an error.
    if pk is None and slug is None:
        raise AttributeError(
            "Generic detail view %s must be called with either an object "
            "pk or a slug in the URLconf." % self.__class__.__name__
        )
    try:
        # Get the single item from the filtered queryset
        obj = queryset.get()
    except queryset.model.DoesNotExist:
        raise Http404(_("No %(verbose_name)s found matching the query") %
                      {'verbose_name': queryset.model._meta.verbose_name})
    return obj

Return the prefix to use for forms.

def get_prefix(self):
    """Return the prefix to use for forms."""
    return self.prefix

Return the `QuerySet` that will be used to look up the object. This method is called by the default implementation of get_object() and may not be called if get_object() is overridden.

def get_queryset(self):
    """
    Return the `QuerySet` that will be used to look up the object.
    This method is called by the default implementation of get_object() and
    may not be called if get_object() is overridden.
    """
    if self.queryset is None:
        if self.model:
            return self.model._default_manager.all()
        else:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "%(cls)s is missing a QuerySet. Define "
                "%(cls)s.model, %(cls)s.queryset, or override "
                "%(cls)s.get_queryset()." % {
                    'cls': self.__class__.__name__
                }
            )
    return self.queryset.all()

Get the name of a slug field to be used to look up by slug.

def get_slug_field(self):
    """Get the name of a slug field to be used to look up by slug."""
    return self.slug_field
ModelFormMixin

Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form.

def get_success_url(self):
    """Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form."""
    if self.success_url:
        url = self.success_url.format(**self.object.__dict__)
    else:
        try:
            url = self.object.get_absolute_url()
        except AttributeError:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "No URL to redirect to.  Either provide a url or define"
                " a get_absolute_url method on the Model.")
    return url
FormMixin

Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form.

def get_success_url(self):
    """Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form."""
    if not self.success_url:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured("No URL to redirect to. Provide a success_url.")
    return str(self.success_url)  # success_url may be lazy
def http_method_not_allowed(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    logger.warning(
        'Method Not Allowed (%s): %s', request.method, request.path,
        extra={'status_code': 405, 'request': request}
    )
    return HttpResponseNotAllowed(self._allowed_methods())

Обрабатывает ответы на запросы для запроса HTTP OPTIONS.

def options(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Handle responding to requests for the OPTIONS HTTP verb."""
    response = HttpResponse()
    response['Allow'] = ', '.join(self._allowed_methods())
    response['Content-Length'] = '0'
    return response
BaseCreateView

Обработчик POST-запросов. Создает экземпляр формы из переданных POST переменных и проверяет их.

def post(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    self.object = None
    return super().post(request, *args, **kwargs)
ProcessFormView

Обработчик POST-запросов. Создает экземпляр формы из переданных POST переменных и проверяет их.

def post(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """
    Handle POST requests: instantiate a form instance with the passed
    POST variables and then check if it's valid.
    """
    form = self.get_form()
    if form.is_valid():
        return self.form_valid(form)
    else:
        return self.form_invalid(form)
def put(self, *args, **kwargs):
    return self.post(*args, **kwargs)
def _allowed_methods(self):
    return [m.upper() for m in self.http_method_names if hasattr(self, m)]

Конструктор. Вызывается в URLconf; может содержать полезные дополнительные ключевые аргументы и другие вещи.

def __init__(self, **kwargs):
    """
    Constructor. Called in the URLconf; can contain helpful extra
    keyword arguments, and other things.
    """
    # Go through keyword arguments, and either save their values to our
    # instance, or raise an error.
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        setattr(self, key, value)