Класс BaseArchiveIndexView (Django 2.1)

from django.views.generic.dates import BaseArchiveIndexView

Базовый класс для элементов, основанных на дате. Требуется миксин ответа (response mixin).

Ancestors (MRO)

  1. BaseArchiveIndexView
  2. BaseDateListView
  3. MultipleObjectMixin
  4. ContextMixin
  5. DateMixin
  6. View

Потомки

Attributes

  Defined in
allow_empty = True MultipleObjectMixin
allow_empty = False BaseDateListView
allow_future = False DateMixin
context_object_name = None MultipleObjectMixin
context_object_name = 'latest' BaseArchiveIndexView
date_field = None DateMixin
date_list_period = 'year' BaseDateListView
extra_context = None ContextMixin
http_method_names = ['get', 'post', 'put', 'patch', 'delete', 'head', 'options', 'trace'] View
model = None MultipleObjectMixin
ordering = None MultipleObjectMixin
page_kwarg = 'page' MultipleObjectMixin
paginate_by = None MultipleObjectMixin
paginate_orphans = 0 MultipleObjectMixin
paginator_class = <class 'django.core.paginator.Paginator'> MultipleObjectMixin
queryset = None MultipleObjectMixin
uses_datetime_field = <django.utils.functional.cached_property object at 0x7fdf2c6939e8> DateMixin

Methods

def _allowed_methods(self):
    return [m.upper() for m in self.http_method_names if hasattr(self, m)]

Основная точка входа процесса "запрос-ответ".

@classonlymethod
def as_view(cls, **initkwargs):
    """Main entry point for a request-response process."""
    for key in initkwargs:
        if key in cls.http_method_names:
            raise TypeError("You tried to pass in the %s method name as a "
                            "keyword argument to %s(). Don't do that."
                            % (key, cls.__name__))
        if not hasattr(cls, key):
            raise TypeError("%s() received an invalid keyword %r. as_view "
                            "only accepts arguments that are already "
                            "attributes of the class." % (cls.__name__, key))
    def view(request, *args, **kwargs):
        self = cls(**initkwargs)
        if hasattr(self, 'get') and not hasattr(self, 'head'):
            self.head = self.get
        self.request = request
        self.args = args
        self.kwargs = kwargs
        return self.dispatch(request, *args, **kwargs)
    view.view_class = cls
    view.view_initkwargs = initkwargs
    # take name and docstring from class
    update_wrapper(view, cls, updated=())
    # and possible attributes set by decorators
    # like csrf_exempt from dispatch
    update_wrapper(view, cls.dispatch, assigned=())
    return view
def dispatch(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    # Try to dispatch to the right method; if a method doesn't exist,
    # defer to the error handler. Also defer to the error handler if the
    # request method isn't on the approved list.
    if request.method.lower() in self.http_method_names:
        handler = getattr(self, request.method.lower(), self.http_method_not_allowed)
    else:
        handler = self.http_method_not_allowed
    return handler(request, *args, **kwargs)
def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    self.date_list, self.object_list, extra_context = self.get_dated_items()
    context = self.get_context_data(
        object_list=self.object_list,
        date_list=self.date_list,
        **extra_context
    )
    return self.render_to_response(context)

Return ``True`` if the view should display empty lists and ``False`` if a 404 should be raised instead.

def get_allow_empty(self):
    """
    Return ``True`` if the view should display empty lists and ``False``
    if a 404 should be raised instead.
    """
    return self.allow_empty

Return `True` if the view should be allowed to display objects from the future.

def get_allow_future(self):
    """
    Return `True` if the view should be allowed to display objects from
    the future.
    """
    return self.allow_future
MultipleObjectMixin

Get the context for this view.

def get_context_data(self, *, object_list=None, **kwargs):
    """Get the context for this view."""
    queryset = object_list if object_list is not None else self.object_list
    page_size = self.get_paginate_by(queryset)
    context_object_name = self.get_context_object_name(queryset)
    if page_size:
        paginator, page, queryset, is_paginated = self.paginate_queryset(queryset, page_size)
        context = {
            'paginator': paginator,
            'page_obj': page,
            'is_paginated': is_paginated,
            'object_list': queryset
        }
    else:
        context = {
            'paginator': None,
            'page_obj': None,
            'is_paginated': False,
            'object_list': queryset
        }
    if context_object_name is not None:
        context[context_object_name] = queryset
    context.update(kwargs)
    return super().get_context_data(**context)
ContextMixin
def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    kwargs.setdefault('view', self)
    if self.extra_context is not None:
        kwargs.update(self.extra_context)
    return kwargs

Get the name of the item to be used in the context.

def get_context_object_name(self, object_list):
    """Get the name of the item to be used in the context."""
    if self.context_object_name:
        return self.context_object_name
    elif hasattr(object_list, 'model'):
        return '%s_list' % object_list.model._meta.model_name
    else:
        return None
BaseArchiveIndexView

Return (date_list, items, extra_context) for this request.

def get_dated_items(self):
    """Return (date_list, items, extra_context) for this request."""
    qs = self.get_dated_queryset()
    date_list = self.get_date_list(qs, ordering='DESC')
    if not date_list:
        qs = qs.none()
    return (date_list, qs, {})
BaseDateListView

Obtain the list of dates and items.

def get_dated_items(self):
    """Obtain the list of dates and items."""
    raise NotImplementedError('A DateView must provide an implementation of get_dated_items()')

Get a queryset properly filtered according to `allow_future` and any extra lookup kwargs.

def get_dated_queryset(self, **lookup):
    """
    Get a queryset properly filtered according to `allow_future` and any
    extra lookup kwargs.
    """
    qs = self.get_queryset().filter(**lookup)
    date_field = self.get_date_field()
    allow_future = self.get_allow_future()
    allow_empty = self.get_allow_empty()
    paginate_by = self.get_paginate_by(qs)
    if not allow_future:
        now = timezone.now() if self.uses_datetime_field else timezone_today()
        qs = qs.filter(**{'%s__lte' % date_field: now})
    if not allow_empty:
        # When pagination is enabled, it's better to do a cheap query
        # than to load the unpaginated queryset in memory.
        is_empty = not qs if paginate_by is None else not qs.exists()
        if is_empty:
            raise Http404(_("No %(verbose_name_plural)s available") % {
                'verbose_name_plural': qs.model._meta.verbose_name_plural,
            })
    return qs

Get the name of the date field to be used to filter by.

def get_date_field(self):
    """Get the name of the date field to be used to filter by."""
    if self.date_field is None:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured("%s.date_field is required." % self.__class__.__name__)
    return self.date_field

Get a date list by calling `queryset.dates/datetimes()`, checking along the way for empty lists that aren't allowed.

def get_date_list(self, queryset, date_type=None, ordering='ASC'):
    """
    Get a date list by calling `queryset.dates/datetimes()`, checking
    along the way for empty lists that aren't allowed.
    """
    date_field = self.get_date_field()
    allow_empty = self.get_allow_empty()
    if date_type is None:
        date_type = self.get_date_list_period()
    if self.uses_datetime_field:
        date_list = queryset.datetimes(date_field, date_type, ordering)
    else:
        date_list = queryset.dates(date_field, date_type, ordering)
    if date_list is not None and not date_list and not allow_empty:
        raise Http404(
            _("No %(verbose_name_plural)s available") % {
                'verbose_name_plural': queryset.model._meta.verbose_name_plural,
            }
        )
    return date_list

Get the aggregation period for the list of dates: 'year', 'month', or 'day'.

def get_date_list_period(self):
    """
    Get the aggregation period for the list of dates: 'year', 'month', or
    'day'.
    """
    return self.date_list_period
BaseDateListView

Return the field or fields to use for ordering the queryset; use the date field by default.

def get_ordering(self):
    """
    Return the field or fields to use for ordering the queryset; use the
    date field by default.
    """
    return '-%s' % self.get_date_field() if self.ordering is None else self.ordering
MultipleObjectMixin

Return the field or fields to use for ordering the queryset.

def get_ordering(self):
    """Return the field or fields to use for ordering the queryset."""
    return self.ordering

Get the number of items to paginate by, or ``None`` for no pagination.

def get_paginate_by(self, queryset):
    """
    Get the number of items to paginate by, or ``None`` for no pagination.
    """
    return self.paginate_by

Return the maximum number of orphans extend the last page by when paginating.

def get_paginate_orphans(self):
    """
    Return the maximum number of orphans extend the last page by when
    paginating.
    """
    return self.paginate_orphans

Return an instance of the paginator for this view.

def get_paginator(self, queryset, per_page, orphans=0,
                  allow_empty_first_page=True, **kwargs):
    """Return an instance of the paginator for this view."""
    return self.paginator_class(
        queryset, per_page, orphans=orphans,
        allow_empty_first_page=allow_empty_first_page, **kwargs)

Return the list of items for this view. The return value must be an iterable and may be an instance of `QuerySet` in which case `QuerySet` specific behavior will be enabled.

def get_queryset(self):
    """
    Return the list of items for this view.
    The return value must be an iterable and may be an instance of
    `QuerySet` in which case `QuerySet` specific behavior will be enabled.
    """
    if self.queryset is not None:
        queryset = self.queryset
        if isinstance(queryset, QuerySet):
            queryset = queryset.all()
    elif self.model is not None:
        queryset = self.model._default_manager.all()
    else:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured(
            "%(cls)s is missing a QuerySet. Define "
            "%(cls)s.model, %(cls)s.queryset, or override "
            "%(cls)s.get_queryset()." % {
                'cls': self.__class__.__name__
            }
        )
    ordering = self.get_ordering()
    if ordering:
        if isinstance(ordering, str):
            ordering = (ordering,)
        queryset = queryset.order_by(*ordering)
    return queryset
def http_method_not_allowed(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    logger.warning(
        'Method Not Allowed (%s): %s', request.method, request.path,
        extra={'status_code': 405, 'request': request}
    )
    return HttpResponseNotAllowed(self._allowed_methods())

Конструктор. Вызывается в URLconf; может содержать полезные дополнительные ключевые аргументы и другие вещи.

def __init__(self, **kwargs):
    """
    Constructor. Called in the URLconf; can contain helpful extra
    keyword arguments, and other things.
    """
    # Go through keyword arguments, and either save their values to our
    # instance, or raise an error.
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        setattr(self, key, value)

Convert a date into a datetime when the date field is a DateTimeField. When time zone support is enabled, `date` is assumed to be in the current time zone, so that displayed items are consistent with the URL.

def _make_date_lookup_arg(self, value):
    """
    Convert a date into a datetime when the date field is a DateTimeField.
    When time zone support is enabled, `date` is assumed to be in the
    current time zone, so that displayed items are consistent with the URL.
    """
    if self.uses_datetime_field:
        value = datetime.datetime.combine(value, datetime.time.min)
        if settings.USE_TZ:
            value = timezone.make_aware(value)
    return value

Get the lookup kwargs for filtering on a single date. If the date field is a DateTimeField, we can't just filter on date_field=date because that doesn't take the time into account.

def _make_single_date_lookup(self, date):
    """
    Get the lookup kwargs for filtering on a single date.
    If the date field is a DateTimeField, we can't just filter on
    date_field=date because that doesn't take the time into account.
    """
    date_field = self.get_date_field()
    if self.uses_datetime_field:
        since = self._make_date_lookup_arg(date)
        until = self._make_date_lookup_arg(date + datetime.timedelta(days=1))
        return {
            '%s__gte' % date_field: since,
            '%s__lt' % date_field: until,
        }
    else:
        # Skip self._make_date_lookup_arg, it's a no-op in this branch.
        return {date_field: date}

Обрабатывает ответы на запросы для запроса HTTP OPTIONS.

def options(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Handle responding to requests for the OPTIONS HTTP verb."""
    response = HttpResponse()
    response['Allow'] = ', '.join(self._allowed_methods())
    response['Content-Length'] = '0'
    return response

Разбивает запрос на страницы, если необходимо.

def paginate_queryset(self, queryset, page_size):
    """Paginate the queryset, if needed."""
    paginator = self.get_paginator(
        queryset, page_size, orphans=self.get_paginate_orphans(),
        allow_empty_first_page=self.get_allow_empty())
    page_kwarg = self.page_kwarg
    page = self.kwargs.get(page_kwarg) or self.request.GET.get(page_kwarg) or 1
    try:
        page_number = int(page)
    except ValueError:
        if page == 'last':
            page_number = paginator.num_pages
        else:
            raise Http404(_("Page is not 'last', nor can it be converted to an int."))
    try:
        page = paginator.page(page_number)
        return (paginator, page, page.object_list, page.has_other_pages())
    except InvalidPage as e:
        raise Http404(_('Invalid page (%(page_number)s): %(message)s') % {
            'page_number': page_number,
            'message': str(e)
        })