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Django REST framework 3.9

The 3.9 release gives access to extra actions in the Browsable API, introduces composable permissions and built-in OpenAPI schema support. (Formerly known as Swagger)


Funding

If you use REST framework commercially and would like to see this work continue, we strongly encourage you to invest in its continued development by **signing up for a paid plan**.

:raw-html-m2r:`<ul class=”premium-promo promo”>

<li><a href=”https://www.rover.com/careers/” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/rover_130x130.png)”>Rover.com</a></li> <li><a href=”https://sentry.io/welcome/” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/sentry130.png)”>Sentry</a></li> <li><a href=”https://getstream.io/try-the-api/?utm_source=drf&utm_medium=banner&utm_campaign=drf” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/stream-130.png)”>Stream</a></li> <li><a href=”https://auklet.io” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/auklet-new.png)”>Auklet</a></li> <li><a href=”https://rollbar.com” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/rollbar2.png)”>Rollbar</a></li> <li><a href=”https://cadre.com” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/cadre.png)”>Cadre</a></li> <li><a href=”https://loadimpact.com/?utm_campaign=Sponsorship%20links&utm_source=drf&utm_medium=drf” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/load-impact.png)”>Load Impact</a></li> <li><a href=”https://hubs.ly/H0f30Lf0” style=”background-image: url(https://fund-rest-framework.s3.amazonaws.com/kloudless.png)”>Kloudless</a></li>

</ul>`

Many thanks to all our :doc:`wonderful sponsors <https://fund.django-rest-framework.org/topics/funding/#our-sponsors>`, and in particular to our premium backers, :doc:`Rover <https://www.rover.com/careers/>`, :doc:`Sentry <https://sentry.io/welcome/>`, `Stream <https://getstream.io/?utm_source=drf&utm_medium=banner&utm_campaign=drf>`_, :doc:`Auklet <https://auklet.io/>`, :doc:`Rollbar <https://rollbar.com>`, :doc:`Cadre <https://cadre.com>`, `Load Impact <https://loadimpact.com/?utm_campaign=Sponsorship%20links&utm_source=drf&utm_medium=drf>`_, and :doc:`Kloudless <https://hubs.ly/H0f30Lf0>`.


Built-in OpenAPI schema support

REST framework now has a first-pass at directly including OpenAPI schema support. (Formerly known as Swagger)

Specifically:

  • There are now OpenAPIRenderer, and JSONOpenAPIRenderer classes that deal with encoding coreapi.Document instances into OpenAPI YAML or OpenAPI JSON.

  • The get_schema_view(...) method now defaults to OpenAPI YAML, with CoreJSON as a secondary option if it is selected via HTTP content negotiation.

  • There is a new management command generateschema, which you can use to dump the schema into your repository.

Here’s an example of adding an OpenAPI schema to the URL conf:

from rest_framework.schemas import get_schema_view
from rest_framework.renderers import JSONOpenAPIRenderer
from django.urls import path

schema_view = get_schema_view(
    title='Server Monitoring API',
    url='https://www.example.org/api/',
    renderer_classes=[JSONOpenAPIRenderer]
)

urlpatterns = [
    path('schema.json', schema_view),
    ...
]

And here’s how you can use the generateschema management command:

$ python manage.py generateschema --format openapi > schema.yml

There’s lots of different tooling that you can use for working with OpenAPI schemas. One option that we’re working on is the API Star command line tool.

You can use apistar to validate your API schema:

$ apistar validate --path schema.json --format openapi
✓ Valid OpenAPI schema.

Or to build API documentation:

$ apistar docs --path schema.json --format openapi
✓ Documentation built at "build/index.html".

API Star also includes a dynamic client library that uses an API schema to automatically provide a client library interface for making requests.

Composable permission classes

You can now compose permission classes using the and/or operators, & and |.

For example…

permission_classes = [IsAuthenticated & (ReadOnly | IsAdmin)]

If you’re using custom permission classes then make sure that you are subclassing from BasePermission in order to enable this support.

ViewSet Extra Actions available in the Browsable API

Following the introduction of the action decorator in v3.8, extra actions defined on a ViewSet are now available from the Browsable API.

Extra Actions displayed in the Browsable API

When defined, a dropdown of “Extra Actions”, appropriately filtered to detail/non-detail actions, is displayed.


Supported Versions

REST framework 3.9 supports Django versions 1.11, 2.0, and 2.1.


Deprecations

DjangoObjectPermissionsFilter moved to third-party package.

The DjangoObjectPermissionsFilter class is pending deprecation, will be deprecated in 3.10 and removed entirely in 3.11.

It has been moved to the third-party ``djangorestframework-guardian:doc:` <https://github.com/rpkilby/django-rest-framework-guardian>` package. Please use this instead.

Router argument/method renamed to use basename for consistency.

  • The Router.register base_name argument has been renamed in favor of basename.

  • The Router.get_default_base_name method has been renamed in favor of Router.get_default_basename. #5990

See #5990.

base_name and get_default_base_name() are pending deprecation. They will be deprecated in 3.10 and removed entirely in 3.11.

action decorator replaces list_route and detail_route

Both list_route and detail_route are now deprecated in favour of the single action decorator. They will be removed entirely in 3.10.

The action decorator takes a boolean detail argument.

  • Replace detail_route uses with @action(detail=True).

  • Replace list_route uses with @action(detail=False).

exclude_from_schema

Both APIView.exclude_from_schema and the exclude_from_schema argument to the @api_view have now been removed.

For APIView you should instead set a schema = None attribute on the view class.

For function-based views the @schema decorator can be used to exclude the view from the schema, by using @schema(None).


Minor fixes and improvements

There are a large number of minor fixes and improvements in this release. See the release notes page for a complete listing.

What’s next

We’re planning to iteratively work towards OpenAPI becoming the standard schema representation. This will mean that the coreapi dependency will gradually become removed, and we’ll instead generate the schema directly, rather than building a CoreAPI Document object.

OpenAPI has clearly become the standard for specifying Web APIs, so there’s not much value any more in our schema-agnostic document model. Making this change will mean that we’ll more easily be able to take advantage of the full set of OpenAPI functionality.

This will also make a wider range of tooling available.

We’ll focus on continuing to develop the API Star library and client tool into a recommended option for generating API docs, validating API schemas, and providing a dynamic client library.

There’s also a huge amount of ongoing work on maturing the ASGI landscape, with the possibility that some of this work will eventually feed back into Django.

There will be further work on the Uvicorn web server, as well as lots of functionality planned for the Starlette web framework, which is building a foundational set of tooling for working with ASGI.

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