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10. How to perform join operations in django ORM?

A SQL Join statement is used to combine data or rows from two or more tables based on a common field between them. Join can be carried out in many ways. Some are shown below.

>>> a1 = Article.objects.select_related('reporter') // Using select_related
>>> a1
<QuerySet [<Article: International News>, <Article: Local News>, <Article: Morning news>, <Article: Prime time>, <Article: Test Article>, <Article: Weather Report>]>
>>> print(a1.query)
SELECT "events_article"."id", "events_article"."headline", "events_article"."pub_date", "events_article"."reporter_id", "events_article"."slug", "auth_user"."id", "auth_user"."password", "auth_user"."last_login", "auth_user"."is_superuser", "auth_user"."username", "auth_user"."first_name", "auth_user"."last_name", "auth_user"."email", "auth_user"."is_staff", "auth_user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "events_article" INNER JOIN "auth_user" ON ("events_article"."reporter_id" = "auth_user"."id") ORDER BY "events_article"."headline" ASC
>>> a2 = Article.objects.filter(reporter__username='John')
>>> a2
<QuerySet [<Article: International News>, <Article: Local News>, <Article: Prime time>, <Article: Test Article>, <Article: Weather Report>]>
>>> print(a2.query)
SELECT "events_article"."id", "events_article"."headline", "events_article"."pub_date", "events_article"."reporter_id", "events_article"."slug" FROM "events_article" INNER JOIN "auth_user" ON ("events_article"."reporter_id" = "auth_user"."id") WHERE "auth_user"."username" = John ORDER BY "events_article"."headline" ASC
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