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Класс CreateView (Django 2.2)

from django.views.generic import CreateView

View for creating a new object, with a response rendered by a template.

Атрибуты

  Определено в
content_type = None TemplateResponseMixin
context_object_name = None SingleObjectMixin
extra_context = None ContextMixin
fields = None ModelFormMixin
form_class = None FormMixin
http_method_names = ['get', 'post', 'put', 'patch', 'delete', 'head', 'options', 'trace'] View
initial = {} FormMixin
model = None SingleObjectMixin
pk_url_kwarg = 'pk' SingleObjectMixin
prefix = None FormMixin
query_pk_and_slug = False SingleObjectMixin
queryset = None SingleObjectMixin
response_class = <class 'django.template.response.TemplateResponse'> TemplateResponseMixin
slug_field = 'slug' SingleObjectMixin
slug_url_kwarg = 'slug' SingleObjectMixin
success_url = None FormMixin
template_engine = None TemplateResponseMixin
template_name = None TemplateResponseMixin
template_name_field = None SingleObjectTemplateResponseMixin
template_name_suffix = '_detail' SingleObjectTemplateResponseMixin
template_name_suffix = '_form' CreateView

Методы

Constructor. Called in the URLconf; can contain helpful extra
keyword arguments, and other things.
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def __init__(self, **kwargs):
    """
    Constructor. Called in the URLconf; can contain helpful extra
    keyword arguments, and other things.
    """
    # Go through keyword arguments, and either save their values to our
    # instance, or raise an error.
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        setattr(self, key, value)
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def _allowed_methods(self):
    return [m.upper() for m in self.http_method_names if hasattr(self, m)]
Main entry point for a request-response process.
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@classonlymethod
def as_view(cls, **initkwargs):
    """Main entry point for a request-response process."""
    for key in initkwargs:
        if key in cls.http_method_names:
            raise TypeError("You tried to pass in the %s method name as a "
                            "keyword argument to %s(). Don't do that."
                            % (key, cls.__name__))
        if not hasattr(cls, key):
            raise TypeError("%s() received an invalid keyword %r. as_view "
                            "only accepts arguments that are already "
                            "attributes of the class." % (cls.__name__, key))
    def view(request, *args, **kwargs):
        self = cls(**initkwargs)
        if hasattr(self, 'get') and not hasattr(self, 'head'):
            self.head = self.get
        self.setup(request, *args, **kwargs)
        if not hasattr(self, 'request'):
            raise AttributeError(
                "%s instance has no 'request' attribute. Did you override "
                "setup() and forget to call super()?" % cls.__name__
            )
        return self.dispatch(request, *args, **kwargs)
    view.view_class = cls
    view.view_initkwargs = initkwargs
    # take name and docstring from class
    update_wrapper(view, cls, updated=())
    # and possible attributes set by decorators
    # like csrf_exempt from dispatch
    update_wrapper(view, cls.dispatch, assigned=())
    return view
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def dispatch(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    # Try to dispatch to the right method; if a method doesn't exist,
    # defer to the error handler. Also defer to the error handler if the
    # request method isn't on the approved list.
    if request.method.lower() in self.http_method_names:
        handler = getattr(self, request.method.lower(), self.http_method_not_allowed)
    else:
        handler = self.http_method_not_allowed
    return handler(request, *args, **kwargs)
If the form is invalid, render the invalid form.
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def form_invalid(self, form):
    """If the form is invalid, render the invalid form."""
    return self.render_to_response(self.get_context_data(form=form))
ModelFormMixin
If the form is valid, save the associated model.
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def form_valid(self, form):
    """If the form is valid, save the associated model."""
    self.object = form.save()
    return super().form_valid(form)
FormMixin
If the form is valid, redirect to the supplied URL.
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def form_valid(self, form):
    """If the form is valid, redirect to the supplied URL."""
    return HttpResponseRedirect(self.get_success_url())
BaseCreateView
Handle GET requests: instantiate a blank version of the form.
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def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    self.object = None
    return super().get(request, *args, **kwargs)
ProcessFormView
Handle GET requests: instantiate a blank version of the form.
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def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Handle GET requests: instantiate a blank version of the form."""
    return self.render_to_response(self.get_context_data())
FormMixin
Insert the form into the context dict.
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def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    """Insert the form into the context dict."""
    if 'form' not in kwargs:
        kwargs['form'] = self.get_form()
    return super().get_context_data(**kwargs)
SingleObjectMixin
Insert the single object into the context dict.
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def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    """Insert the single object into the context dict."""
    context = {}
    if self.object:
        context['object'] = self.object
        context_object_name = self.get_context_object_name(self.object)
        if context_object_name:
            context[context_object_name] = self.object
    context.update(kwargs)
    return super().get_context_data(**context)
ContextMixin
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def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    kwargs.setdefault('view', self)
    if self.extra_context is not None:
        kwargs.update(self.extra_context)
    return kwargs
Get the name to use for the object.
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def get_context_object_name(self, obj):
    """Get the name to use for the object."""
    if self.context_object_name:
        return self.context_object_name
    elif isinstance(obj, models.Model):
        return obj._meta.model_name
    else:
        return None
Return an instance of the form to be used in this view.
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def get_form(self, form_class=None):
    """Return an instance of the form to be used in this view."""
    if form_class is None:
        form_class = self.get_form_class()
    return form_class(**self.get_form_kwargs())
ModelFormMixin
Return the form class to use in this view.
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def get_form_class(self):
    """Return the form class to use in this view."""
    if self.fields is not None and self.form_class:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured(
            "Specifying both 'fields' and 'form_class' is not permitted."
        )
    if self.form_class:
        return self.form_class
    else:
        if self.model is not None:
            # If a model has been explicitly provided, use it
            model = self.model
        elif getattr(self, 'object', None) is not None:
            # If this view is operating on a single object, use
            # the class of that object
            model = self.object.__class__
        else:
            # Try to get a queryset and extract the model class
            # from that
            model = self.get_queryset().model
        if self.fields is None:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "Using ModelFormMixin (base class of %s) without "
                "the 'fields' attribute is prohibited." % self.__class__.__name__
            )
        return model_forms.modelform_factory(model, fields=self.fields)
FormMixin
Return the form class to use.
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def get_form_class(self):
    """Return the form class to use."""
    return self.form_class
ModelFormMixin
Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form.
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def get_form_kwargs(self):
    """Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form."""
    kwargs = super().get_form_kwargs()
    if hasattr(self, 'object'):
        kwargs.update({'instance': self.object})
    return kwargs
FormMixin
Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form.
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def get_form_kwargs(self):
    """Return the keyword arguments for instantiating the form."""
    kwargs = {
        'initial': self.get_initial(),
        'prefix': self.get_prefix(),
    }
    if self.request.method in ('POST', 'PUT'):
        kwargs.update({
            'data': self.request.POST,
            'files': self.request.FILES,
        })
    return kwargs
Return the initial data to use for forms on this view.
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def get_initial(self):
    """Return the initial data to use for forms on this view."""
    return self.initial.copy()
Return the object the view is displaying.

Require `self.queryset` and a `pk` or `slug` argument in the URLconf.
Subclasses can override this to return any object.
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def get_object(self, queryset=None):
    """
    Return the object the view is displaying.
    Require `self.queryset` and a `pk` or `slug` argument in the URLconf.
    Subclasses can override this to return any object.
    """
    # Use a custom queryset if provided; this is required for subclasses
    # like DateDetailView
    if queryset is None:
        queryset = self.get_queryset()
    # Next, try looking up by primary key.
    pk = self.kwargs.get(self.pk_url_kwarg)
    slug = self.kwargs.get(self.slug_url_kwarg)
    if pk is not None:
        queryset = queryset.filter(pk=pk)
    # Next, try looking up by slug.
    if slug is not None and (pk is None or self.query_pk_and_slug):
        slug_field = self.get_slug_field()
        queryset = queryset.filter(**{slug_field: slug})
    # If none of those are defined, it's an error.
    if pk is None and slug is None:
        raise AttributeError(
            "Generic detail view %s must be called with either an object "
            "pk or a slug in the URLconf." % self.__class__.__name__
        )
    try:
        # Get the single item from the filtered queryset
        obj = queryset.get()
    except queryset.model.DoesNotExist:
        raise Http404(_("No %(verbose_name)s found matching the query") %
                      {'verbose_name': queryset.model._meta.verbose_name})
    return obj
Return the prefix to use for forms.
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def get_prefix(self):
    """Return the prefix to use for forms."""
    return self.prefix
Return the `QuerySet` that will be used to look up the object.

This method is called by the default implementation of get_object() and
may not be called if get_object() is overridden.
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def get_queryset(self):
    """
    Return the `QuerySet` that will be used to look up the object.
    This method is called by the default implementation of get_object() and
    may not be called if get_object() is overridden.
    """
    if self.queryset is None:
        if self.model:
            return self.model._default_manager.all()
        else:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "%(cls)s is missing a QuerySet. Define "
                "%(cls)s.model, %(cls)s.queryset, or override "
                "%(cls)s.get_queryset()." % {
                    'cls': self.__class__.__name__
                }
            )
    return self.queryset.all()
Get the name of a slug field to be used to look up by slug.
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def get_slug_field(self):
    """Get the name of a slug field to be used to look up by slug."""
    return self.slug_field
ModelFormMixin
Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form.
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def get_success_url(self):
    """Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form."""
    if self.success_url:
        url = self.success_url.format(**self.object.__dict__)
    else:
        try:
            url = self.object.get_absolute_url()
        except AttributeError:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "No URL to redirect to.  Either provide a url or define"
                " a get_absolute_url method on the Model.")
    return url
FormMixin
Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form.
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def get_success_url(self):
    """Return the URL to redirect to after processing a valid form."""
    if not self.success_url:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured("No URL to redirect to. Provide a success_url.")
    return str(self.success_url)  # success_url may be lazy
SingleObjectTemplateResponseMixin
Return a list of template names to be used for the request. May not be
called if render_to_response() is overridden. Return the following list:

* the value of ``template_name`` on the view (if provided)
* the contents of the ``template_name_field`` field on the
  object instance that the view is operating upon (if available)
* ``<app_label>/<model_name><template_name_suffix>.html``
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def get_template_names(self):
    """
    Return a list of template names to be used for the request. May not be
    called if render_to_response() is overridden. Return the following list:
    * the value of ``template_name`` on the view (if provided)
    * the contents of the ``template_name_field`` field on the
      object instance that the view is operating upon (if available)
    * ``<app_label>/<model_name><template_name_suffix>.html``
    """
    try:
        names = super().get_template_names()
    except ImproperlyConfigured:
        # If template_name isn't specified, it's not a problem --
        # we just start with an empty list.
        names = []
        # If self.template_name_field is set, grab the value of the field
        # of that name from the object; this is the most specific template
        # name, if given.
        if self.object and self.template_name_field:
            name = getattr(self.object, self.template_name_field, None)
            if name:
                names.insert(0, name)
        # The least-specific option is the default <app>/<model>_detail.html;
        # only use this if the object in question is a model.
        if isinstance(self.object, models.Model):
            object_meta = self.object._meta
            names.append("%s/%s%s.html" % (
                object_meta.app_label,
                object_meta.model_name,
                self.template_name_suffix
            ))
        elif getattr(self, 'model', None) is not None and issubclass(self.model, models.Model):
            names.append("%s/%s%s.html" % (
                self.model._meta.app_label,
                self.model._meta.model_name,
                self.template_name_suffix
            ))
        # If we still haven't managed to find any template names, we should
        # re-raise the ImproperlyConfigured to alert the user.
        if not names:
            raise
    return names
TemplateResponseMixin
Return a list of template names to be used for the request. Must return
a list. May not be called if render_to_response() is overridden.
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def get_template_names(self):
    """
    Return a list of template names to be used for the request. Must return
    a list. May not be called if render_to_response() is overridden.
    """
    if self.template_name is None:
        raise ImproperlyConfigured(
            "TemplateResponseMixin requires either a definition of "
            "'template_name' or an implementation of 'get_template_names()'")
    else:
        return [self.template_name]
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def http_method_not_allowed(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    logger.warning(
        'Method Not Allowed (%s): %s', request.method, request.path,
        extra={'status_code': 405, 'request': request}
    )
    return HttpResponseNotAllowed(self._allowed_methods())
Handle responding to requests for the OPTIONS HTTP verb.
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def options(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Handle responding to requests for the OPTIONS HTTP verb."""
    response = HttpResponse()
    response['Allow'] = ', '.join(self._allowed_methods())
    response['Content-Length'] = '0'
    return response
BaseCreateView
Handle POST requests: instantiate a form instance with the passed
POST variables and then check if it's valid.
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def post(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    self.object = None
    return super().post(request, *args, **kwargs)
ProcessFormView
Handle POST requests: instantiate a form instance with the passed
POST variables and then check if it's valid.
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def post(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """
    Handle POST requests: instantiate a form instance with the passed
    POST variables and then check if it's valid.
    """
    form = self.get_form()
    if form.is_valid():
        return self.form_valid(form)
    else:
        return self.form_invalid(form)
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def put(self, *args, **kwargs):
    return self.post(*args, **kwargs)
Return a response, using the `response_class` for this view, with a template rendered with the given context. Pass response_kwargs to the constructor of the response class.
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def render_to_response(self, context, **response_kwargs):
    """
    Return a response, using the `response_class` for this view, with a
    template rendered with the given context.
    Pass response_kwargs to the constructor of the response class.
    """
    response_kwargs.setdefault('content_type', self.content_type)
    return self.response_class(
        request=self.request,
        template=self.get_template_names(),
        context=context,
        using=self.template_engine,
        **response_kwargs
    )
Initialize attributes shared by all view methods.
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def setup(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Initialize attributes shared by all view methods."""
    self.request = request
    self.args = args
    self.kwargs = kwargs
Auth mixins
Auth views
generic
Generic base
Generic dates
Generic detail
Generic edit
Generic list