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Класс BaseDetailView (Django 2.2)

from django.views.generic.detail import BaseDetailView

A base view for displaying a single object.

Атрибуты

  Определено в
context_object_name = None SingleObjectMixin
extra_context = None ContextMixin
http_method_names = ['get', 'post', 'put', 'patch', 'delete', 'head', 'options', 'trace'] View
model = None SingleObjectMixin
pk_url_kwarg = 'pk' SingleObjectMixin
query_pk_and_slug = False SingleObjectMixin
queryset = None SingleObjectMixin
slug_field = 'slug' SingleObjectMixin
slug_url_kwarg = 'slug' SingleObjectMixin

Методы

Constructor. Called in the URLconf; can contain helpful extra
keyword arguments, and other things.
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def __init__(self, **kwargs):
    """
    Constructor. Called in the URLconf; can contain helpful extra
    keyword arguments, and other things.
    """
    # Go through keyword arguments, and either save their values to our
    # instance, or raise an error.
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        setattr(self, key, value)
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def _allowed_methods(self):
    return [m.upper() for m in self.http_method_names if hasattr(self, m)]
Main entry point for a request-response process.
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@classonlymethod
def as_view(cls, **initkwargs):
    """Main entry point for a request-response process."""
    for key in initkwargs:
        if key in cls.http_method_names:
            raise TypeError("You tried to pass in the %s method name as a "
                            "keyword argument to %s(). Don't do that."
                            % (key, cls.__name__))
        if not hasattr(cls, key):
            raise TypeError("%s() received an invalid keyword %r. as_view "
                            "only accepts arguments that are already "
                            "attributes of the class." % (cls.__name__, key))
    def view(request, *args, **kwargs):
        self = cls(**initkwargs)
        if hasattr(self, 'get') and not hasattr(self, 'head'):
            self.head = self.get
        self.setup(request, *args, **kwargs)
        if not hasattr(self, 'request'):
            raise AttributeError(
                "%s instance has no 'request' attribute. Did you override "
                "setup() and forget to call super()?" % cls.__name__
            )
        return self.dispatch(request, *args, **kwargs)
    view.view_class = cls
    view.view_initkwargs = initkwargs
    # take name and docstring from class
    update_wrapper(view, cls, updated=())
    # and possible attributes set by decorators
    # like csrf_exempt from dispatch
    update_wrapper(view, cls.dispatch, assigned=())
    return view
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def dispatch(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    # Try to dispatch to the right method; if a method doesn't exist,
    # defer to the error handler. Also defer to the error handler if the
    # request method isn't on the approved list.
    if request.method.lower() in self.http_method_names:
        handler = getattr(self, request.method.lower(), self.http_method_not_allowed)
    else:
        handler = self.http_method_not_allowed
    return handler(request, *args, **kwargs)
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def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    self.object = self.get_object()
    context = self.get_context_data(object=self.object)
    return self.render_to_response(context)
SingleObjectMixin
Insert the single object into the context dict.
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def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    """Insert the single object into the context dict."""
    context = {}
    if self.object:
        context['object'] = self.object
        context_object_name = self.get_context_object_name(self.object)
        if context_object_name:
            context[context_object_name] = self.object
    context.update(kwargs)
    return super().get_context_data(**context)
ContextMixin
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def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
    kwargs.setdefault('view', self)
    if self.extra_context is not None:
        kwargs.update(self.extra_context)
    return kwargs
Get the name to use for the object.
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def get_context_object_name(self, obj):
    """Get the name to use for the object."""
    if self.context_object_name:
        return self.context_object_name
    elif isinstance(obj, models.Model):
        return obj._meta.model_name
    else:
        return None
Return the object the view is displaying.

Require `self.queryset` and a `pk` or `slug` argument in the URLconf.
Subclasses can override this to return any object.
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def get_object(self, queryset=None):
    """
    Return the object the view is displaying.
    Require `self.queryset` and a `pk` or `slug` argument in the URLconf.
    Subclasses can override this to return any object.
    """
    # Use a custom queryset if provided; this is required for subclasses
    # like DateDetailView
    if queryset is None:
        queryset = self.get_queryset()
    # Next, try looking up by primary key.
    pk = self.kwargs.get(self.pk_url_kwarg)
    slug = self.kwargs.get(self.slug_url_kwarg)
    if pk is not None:
        queryset = queryset.filter(pk=pk)
    # Next, try looking up by slug.
    if slug is not None and (pk is None or self.query_pk_and_slug):
        slug_field = self.get_slug_field()
        queryset = queryset.filter(**{slug_field: slug})
    # If none of those are defined, it's an error.
    if pk is None and slug is None:
        raise AttributeError(
            "Generic detail view %s must be called with either an object "
            "pk or a slug in the URLconf." % self.__class__.__name__
        )
    try:
        # Get the single item from the filtered queryset
        obj = queryset.get()
    except queryset.model.DoesNotExist:
        raise Http404(_("No %(verbose_name)s found matching the query") %
                      {'verbose_name': queryset.model._meta.verbose_name})
    return obj
Return the `QuerySet` that will be used to look up the object.

This method is called by the default implementation of get_object() and
may not be called if get_object() is overridden.
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def get_queryset(self):
    """
    Return the `QuerySet` that will be used to look up the object.
    This method is called by the default implementation of get_object() and
    may not be called if get_object() is overridden.
    """
    if self.queryset is None:
        if self.model:
            return self.model._default_manager.all()
        else:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "%(cls)s is missing a QuerySet. Define "
                "%(cls)s.model, %(cls)s.queryset, or override "
                "%(cls)s.get_queryset()." % {
                    'cls': self.__class__.__name__
                }
            )
    return self.queryset.all()
Get the name of a slug field to be used to look up by slug.
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def get_slug_field(self):
    """Get the name of a slug field to be used to look up by slug."""
    return self.slug_field
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def http_method_not_allowed(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    logger.warning(
        'Method Not Allowed (%s): %s', request.method, request.path,
        extra={'status_code': 405, 'request': request}
    )
    return HttpResponseNotAllowed(self._allowed_methods())
Handle responding to requests for the OPTIONS HTTP verb.
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def options(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Handle responding to requests for the OPTIONS HTTP verb."""
    response = HttpResponse()
    response['Allow'] = ', '.join(self._allowed_methods())
    response['Content-Length'] = '0'
    return response
Initialize attributes shared by all view methods.
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def setup(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
    """Initialize attributes shared by all view methods."""
    self.request = request
    self.args = args
    self.kwargs = kwargs
Auth mixins
Auth views
generic
Generic base
Generic dates
Generic detail
Generic edit
Generic list